In the year 2011, the Middle East entered a convoluted new phase of political and economic turmoil. This has led to a number of prominent Arab political leaders expending their authority among local populations, and consequently being severely isolated. This outcome was generated by mass discontent, which resulted in a dramatic rhetorical shift and a drastic decline in the Middle East. The overall episode came to be referred to as the Arab Spring.
In other words, these events can be regarded as the first stage in the manifestation of a general crisis in the Middle East, subsequently intensified by the West’s intervention. This was followed by a sharp degradation in the socio-economic climate and the intensification of social, political, and economic processes in a number of the region’s key countries.
The second stage of the Arab Spring can be viewed as the organisation and rise of ISIS, the epitome of the tragic new occurrences in the Arab world. The consolidation of ISIS in territory captured across Syria and Iraq became the premise for reformatting local political and socio-economic structures and for destructive trends which have in turn worn away the means of production and totally destabilised the entire region’s political situation.
Filonik, Alexander O.; Isaev, Vladimir A. Reformatting the Middle East. DOC Research Institute (2017). Available at http://e-library.doc-research.org/publications/detail/139.