Terrorism is a problem facing the Persian Gulf counties that are members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) – Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Oman, and Saudi Arabia. Destabilisation of the regional situation as a result of events at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries (such as the entry of the Soviet armed forces into Afghanistan, ‘the Islamic revolution’ in Iran, the 1980–88 Iran-Iraq War, the 1990–91 crisis in Iraq, and the 2003 American-British invasion of Iraq) created the conditions for the emergence of anti-systemic armed groups calling for the establishment of religion-based statehood.
Melkumyan, Elena; Kosach, Grigory. The Challenge of Countering Terrorism in the Gulf Region and Saudi Arabia. DOC Research Institute (2017). Available at http://e-library.doc-research.org/publications/detail/147.