The six-year armed conflict in Syria is one of the major issues shaping the contemporary Middle East and impacting the fundamental nature of international relations. The Syrian revolution, which began in March 2011, later degenerated into a bloody civil war that has pushed the country into both a secessionist upheaval and the breakdown of the population’s national identity. Both the duration and complexity of reconciling the Syrian crisis rely on a sequence of fundamental factors.
Akhmedov, Vladimir. The Syrian Conflict: Is There Light at the End of the Tunnel?. DOC Research Institute (2017). Available at http://e-library.doc-research.org/publications/detail/168.